Narcolepsy often first appears during adolescence or young adulthood, but may also develop later in life. Approximately 1 in 2000 men and women in the U.S. suffer from this sleep disorder. Narcolepsy is usually treated with medication and lifestyle modifications.
Sleep Paralysis aka cataplexy
Sleep paralysis is a frightening, disorienting sleep experience. When sleep paralysis occurs, you wake from sleep to find you can’t move or speak. Sleep paralysis is a symptom associated with several other sleep disorders, including narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and REM sleep behavior disorder. It also can occur as a result of sleep deprivation or as a side effect of medication.
Sleep paralysis is one type of parasomnia, a collection of sleep disorders that involve atypical, disruptive, unwanted behaviors that occur during sleep, or immediately before or after sleep. Other parasomnias include sleepwalking, sleep terrors, and sleep hallucinations.
Sleep paralysis happens when you wake from sleep while still in REM sleep. In REM, the body is largely paralyzed, a temporary condition called REM atonia. This temporary paralysis helps to keep you from reacting physically to the vivid dreams that frequently occur during REM sleep. When you wake while still in a REM sleep phase, rather than after having transitioned to a lighter stage of non-REM sleep, the body can still be in its state of paralysis. After waking, sleep paralysis typically lasts anywhere from a few seconds to a minute or two.
Regardless of the cause, Dr. Dhrupad Joshi is qualified to accurately diagnose any sleep disorders, allowing you to seek effective treatment.
Call WeCare Neurology to make an appointment online today, if you’re having trouble with sleep, sleep related behavior disorders, etc.