Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder in the world. According to a CDC report, in 2015, 1.2% of the US population had active epilepsy. This is about 3.4 million people with epilepsy nationwide: 3 million adults and 470,000 children.  Epilepsy Disorder involves recurrent unprovoked seizures. If not treated and not controlled, it can result in serious injury and may even lead to death.

Diagnosis of Epilepsy

Not all seizures would manifest themselves in the form of epilepsy disorder, however, it is important to consult a neurologist as soon as possible after experiencing a seizure. The tests for epilepsy will include:

  • EEG: EEG or Electroencephalogram is used to check the electrical activity in the brain in the form of brain waves. Abnormal brain waves will indicate a tendency to have seizures and the general area of the brain from where the seizure may originate

  • MRI: MRI or magnetic resonance imaging is done to check if the seizure may have been caused by an injury, developmental abnormality, infection stroke, or tumor growth.

Based on these tests along with individual medical history the Neurologist will give you a diagnosis.

Treatment of Epilepsy

Anti-Epileptic Drugs (AEDs) are used to treat epilepsy. In some cases, surgery may be prescribed to prevent seizures. The social stigma and misconceptions associated with the disorder, and hence sometimes, some individuals do not reveal their condition and hence do not receive treatment.


General information for Epilepsy

  • Most children suffering from Epilepsy have average IQ. Such children will have no difficulty in attending schools. Epileptic children cannot be barred from receiving an education and appropriate accommodation must be offered by the school.

  • Certain jobs such as Pilots, Drivers, moving heavy machinery or working at heights, jobs that involve running, etc may not be suitable for a person with epilepsy.

  • Around 90 percent of women with epilepsy have a normal pregnancy and a healthy baby.

  • Epilepsy is a condition that can be controlled with the right treatment and procedures. With regular medication and actively avoiding known triggers of their seizures, Persons With Epilepsy can lead healthy, happy, and fruitful lives.


To seek help or know more about epilepsy, please call us at 855-220-1777 to make an appointment with a Neurologist, Dr. Dhrupad Joshi.